What is tarsal tunnel syndrome?
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition where nerves in the tarsal canal become entrapped or compressed. The compression of these nerves can be due to internal or external causes.
Internal causes include the restriction of space inside the retinaculum (which is the film-like band the nerve flow through). Fibrosis, cysts, tendonitis and in the worst case a tumour can be considered cases of internal causes.
External causes include traumatic injuries such as fractures or sprains at the ankle. As well as nerve compression due to foot posture such as flat feet.
What are the symptoms of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome?
The most common symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome include one or more of the following:
pain (either locally or radiating)
cramping as well as clawing of the toes
muscle wasting and weakness in affected muscle in later stages.
Night pain ( also known as nocturnal pain) can also occur.
The symptoms vary depending on the severity and location of the entrapment.
Tarsal Tunnel Treatments
Treatment for tarsal tunnel syndrome can vary from non-invasive treatments to surgical options.
Depending on the presenting symptoms as well as the cause of compression to the affected nerve/s.
A pair of custom orthotics may be prescribed to elevate the arch to the necessary degree. This will take pressure off the impinged nerves. Which will relieve stress on the structures being compressed.
The use of immobilization splints can also be used.
Other conservative treatments include –
Anti-inflammatory medication and corticosteroids may also be recommended.
If the impingement is due to inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or fractures.
If the nerve is compressed due to swelling (oedema) then compression stocking may assist as well as keeping the leg elevated.
If conservative management is unsuccessful. A surgical approach may be taken. whereby decompression to the affected nerves is surgically released.
Looking for the Best Treatments for Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome? We Can Help
There are many possible treatments for Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome.
Once you’ve made sure your symptoms are not related to any internal factors, we can help!
If you are looking for the best non-surgical treatment for Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome. Unisoles can help!
We provide custom foot orthotics to relieve your tarsal tunnel pain. By supporting your arches you’ll relieve the painful compression of the nerves in your feet.
Start your order today to get your custom orthotics. You’ll soon feel the difference custom orthotics will make on tarsal tunnel pain!